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    Manual Lymph Drainage

Manual Lymph Drainage is a gentle skin technique that stretches & stimulates the skin in very specific directions to activate lymphatic drainage. By manually assisting the lymph vessels to pull fluid out of tissues, the lymphatic system can better remove excess fluid & waste products accumulated from surgery, injury or illness. 

         History and Practice of 

        Manual Lymph Drainage

Manual Lymph Drainage was developed by Dr. Emil Vodder, Ph.D., M.T. of Copenhagen, Denmark in 1935. He and his wife, Estrid, were massage therapists working in France on the French Riviera, treating English patients recovering from illness caused by living in the damp, cool weather in England. Mostly colds & flues. Dr. Vodder noticed the lymph nodes of his patients were large & swollen and decided to manually stimulate the lymph nodes to see if it would improve their symptoms. He intuitively discovered a technique that worked. As a result, his patients recovered from their colds & flues very quickly. He went on to develop four specific techniques designed to activate the lymphatic system & called it Manual Lymph Drainage. He began holding lectures and demonstrations & taught MLD courses to Massage Therapists for the next several decades until

expanding into the Dr. Vodder School in Europe, founded in 1971.

Continuing to grow in other countries, a school in the U.S. opened in the late 1970's. The Dr. Vodder School International opened its corporate headquarters in Victoria, B.C. Canada in 1993. The schools are staffed with physicians & Certified Lymphedema Therapists who teach MLD certification courses and travel internationally to teach all over the world. There are two certification courses, MLD and CDT (Combined Decongestive Therapy) which includes compression garments & pumps for more severe lymphedema. MLD has evolved from treating simple colds & flues to now treating patients with Lymphedema & severely compromised Lymphatic systems with great success.  

What is Lymphedema?

Primary Lymphedema is inadequate development of the lymphatic system sometimes present at birth but in most cases develops later in life for unknown reasons. Secondary Lymphedema is more common and results from surgery, radiation, injury or infection of the lymphatic system. It is an abnormal buildup of protein rich fluid in the skin & tissues caused by a decrease in the transport capacity of a compromised lymphatic system.


The lymphatic system runs parallel to the vascular system however can only flow in one direction and doesn't have a central pump (heart) but is powered by intrinsic contractions triggered from lymph capillary valves filling & emptying in response to lymphatic fluid load. This is better known as diffusion, filtration & resabsorption.

 

Lymph fluid is protein rich which attracts water to build up in the capillaries, this increase of pressure causes the valves to open & close creating diffusion & filtration, moving lymph fluid & waste products into the vascular system where it is carried away. The transport capacity of the lymphatic system has to be greater than the amount of lymph fluid it needs to transport. If there is too much of an increase in lymph fluid it will override the transport capacity and build up in the skin & tissues causing inflammation, severe inflammation in some cases.  

         photo courtesy of klosetraining.com

Manual Lymph Drainage                 can help with ~

 Lymphedema in Oncology patients

  Edema/Pain/Infection prevention

                    Hematoma

            Constipation relief 

               Stress Reduction

                Improved Sleep

         Palliative Care/Hospice    

                     Sprains

                Fibromyalgia 

      Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

           Rheumatoid Arthritis

                  Scleroderma

 Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

             Parkinson's Disease     

              Multiple Sclerosis

                      Lupus

                    Cellulite

                    Tinnitus

                  Weight Loss

        Traumatic Brain Injuries

        Migraine/Sinus Headaches

        Fibrocystic Breast Disease

             Enhanced Immunity

   Supports the body's own Healing

 

                  

     General Effects of 

Manual Lymph Drainage

MLD Cannot be done in patients           with these conditions ~

       Untreated Congestive Heart Failure

    Acute Untreated Deep Vein Thrombosis

                       Acute Cellulitis

                             Fever

                       Active Cancer

                    Renal Dysfunction

 

       Cervical MLD cannot be used with:

                    Cardiac Arrythmia

                      Hyperthyroidism

            Hypersensitivity of carotid sinus

           History or Risk of Arteriosclerosis

 

     Abdominal MLD cannot be used with:

                          Pregnancy

                     Menstrual Period

               Recent Abdominal Surgery

          Radiation Fibrosis, colitis, cystitis

                   After a pelvic DVT    

                        Crohn's Disease

               Diverticulitis, Diverticulosis

                        Liver Cirrhosis

              Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

                     Unexplained Pain

    Implanted devices; drains, feeding tubes,            colostomy bags, morphine pumps

                Osteoporosis, bone cancer

            Hormone Therapy (Tamoxifen)

 

1) Increases Lymph-Angio activity (contraction of lymph vessels) by mildly stretching the skin using specific techniques, it increases the fluid uptake & transport capacity of the lymphatic system.

2) Redirects fluid around blocked areas from surgery, trauma or infection or when scar tissue is present.

3) Has a soothing effect which increases a parasympathetic response (rest & digest) while decreasing the sympathetic response (fight or flight).

4) Has an analgesic effect by using MLD techniques on the skin encouraging drainage of nociceptors (sensory nerve cells).